Preparation of a novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafiltration membrane modified with Ag/TiO2 nanoparticle with enhanced hydrophilicity and antibacterial activities

Nasim Haghighat, Vahid Vatanpour*, Mohsen Sheydaei, Zahra Nikjavan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ag/TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated via a co-precipitation method and used to prepare a novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) membrane, i.e. Ag/TiO2/PVC nanocomposite membrane. Effect of Ag/TiO2 adding on the membrane properties was examined. The EDX elemental mapping confirmed good dispersion of Ag/TiO2 NPs on the membrane surface. ATR-FTIR analysis certified existence of hydroxyl groups on the Ag/TiO2/PVC membrane surface. Furthermore, the values of the pure water flux (PWF) was enhanced from 41 L/m2 h for bare EPVC membrane to 58.6 L/m2 h for Ag/TiO2/PVC nanocomposite membrane containing 1 wt% Ag/TiO2. The antimicrobial behavior of Ag/TiO2/PVC membrane has been tested using Gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Gram-positive bacteria, and inhibition of bacterial growth was observed. Better antifouling and antibacterial properties for the blended membranes were observed. It is hoped that our study will be used as a good method for modification of EPVC membrane in water treatment industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116374
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Ag/TiO nanocomposite
  • Antibacterial
  • EPVC membrane
  • Fouling
  • Surface hydrophilicity

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