Plasma-surface modification on bentonite clay to improve the performance of adsorption of methylene blue

Ömer Şahin, Mustafa Kaya, Cafer Saka*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study consists of the cold plasma treatment was applied for the surface modification of bentonite to improve the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. To achieve the aim, the conditions for adsorption, including cold plasma application time, plasma gas effect, and pH were investigated with respect to the adsorption capacity of MB. The changes of the surface property before and after cold plasma treatment were discussed. Cold plasma treated bentonite is characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), BET surface area, and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Equilibrium adsorption data were analyzed by Freundlich and Langmuir equations. Langmuir isotherm exhibited the best fit with the experimental data. Adsorption kinetics were fitted with pseudo-first-order, and pseudo-second order. Cold plasma treated bentonite was exhibited largest adsorption capacity (303. mg/g) at 30. °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Clay Science
Volume116-117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Funding

The authors are grateful to the Research Foundation of Siirt University for financial support under Project 2013-SİÜSYO-SH1 .

FundersFunder number
the Research Foundation of Siirt University2013-SİÜSYO-SH1

    Keywords

    • Bentonite
    • Cold plasma
    • Methylene blue
    • Modification

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