Non-uniformly substituted phthalocyanines and related compounds: Alkylated tribenzo-imidazolo[4,5]-porphyrazines

J. V. Bakboord, M. J. Cook*, E. Hamuryudan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis and properties of '3:1' phthalocyanines, in which three of the benzenoid rings are similarly substituted whereas the fourth is differently substituted or is replaced by a heteroaromatic ring, are overviewed with an emphasis on contributions from the group at the University of East Anglia. The synthesis of novel hepta-alkylated tribenzo-imidazolo[4,5]-porphyrazines as metal-free derivatives by cross-condensation of 3,6-dialkylphthalonitrile and 1-alkyl-4,5-dicyanoimidazole is described. The compounds show Q band absorption at 701 and 660 nm. The Q band is thus hypsochromically shifted relative to the Q band absorption of the corresponding metal-free octa-alkylphthalocyanines and the metal-free hexa-alkylated derivatives of tribenzo-pyridino[3,4]porphyrazines, tribenzo-thiopheno[2,3]porphyrazines and tribenzo-thiopheno[3,4]porphyrazines. Examples of the tribenzo-imidazolo[4,5]porphyrazines have been deposited as smooth, even and transparent spin-coated films with broad-band absorption in the region 600-750 nm. Copyright (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)510-517
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Discotic liquid crystals
  • Heterocyclic analogues of phthalocyanines
  • Spin-coated films
  • Tribenzo-imidazolo[4,5]porphyrazines


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