New Moho Map for onshore southern Norway

Wanda Stratford*, Hans Thybo, Jan Inge Faleide, Odleiv Olesen, Ari Tryggvason

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


A recent seismic refraction study across southern Norway has revealed that the up to 2469 m high Southern Scandes Mountains are not isostatically compensated by a thick crust. Rather, the Moho depths are close to average for continental crust with elevations of ∼1 km. Evidence from new seismic data indicate that beneath the highest topography Moho depths are around 38-40 km. These measurements are ∼2 km deeper than early estimates interpolated from coarsely spaced refraction profiles, but up to 3 km shallower than Receiver Function estimates for the area. Moho depth variation beneath the mountains roughly correlates with changes in surface topography indicating that topography is, at least to the first order, controlled by crustal thickness. However, the highest mountains do not overlie the thickest crust and additional support for topography, for example from flexural strength in the lithosphere, low densities in the upper-mantle or mantle dynamics, is likely. The relationship between topography and Moho depth breaks down for the Oslo Graben and the Fennoscandian Shield to the east and north. High density lower crustal rocks below Oslo Graben and increasing crust and lithospheric thicknesses below the Fennoscandian Shield may produce a negative correlation between topography and Moho depth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1755-1765
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Continental margins: divergent
  • Controlled source seismology
  • Crustal structure
  • Dynamics of lithosphere and mantle


Dive into the research topics of 'New Moho Map for onshore southern Norway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this