Nanofiltration Process in Landfill Leachate Treatment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Landfill leachate (LL) is extremely toxic wastewater and contains various contaminants such as inorganic salts, organic compounds, ammonia, xenobiotics, biological organisms, and heavy metals. The hybridization of conventional treatment techniques with suitable membrane processes is vital because of the enforcement of severe regulations for LL discharge. The integrated membrane processes attained a higher contaminant removal efficiency by a large volume of treated leachate and a low capital cost investment. This chapter presents the application of nanofiltration membranes accompanied by the recent improvements to the current processes for the treatment of LL. The processes are mostly divided into two categories of hybrid membrane processes together and the hybridization of NF process with other conventional techniques. It was found that single NF processes cannot reach desirable LL treatment due to high fouling, and therefore, it is essential to use an engineered combination of NF with other techniques to attain acceptable removal efficiencies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanofiltration for Sustainability
Subtitle of host publicationReuse, Recycle and Resource Recovery
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781000926712
ISBN (Print)9781032199498
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 selection and editorial matter, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Teow Yeit Haan and Nidal Hidal; individual chapters, the contributors.


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