Municipal solid waste-based district heating and electricity production: A case study

Alperen Tozlu, Aysegul Abusoglu*, Emrah Ozahi, Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, municipal solid waste (MSW) based electricity production and district heating (DH) potential of Turkey are considered. Three MSW based waste-to-energy (WtE) scenarios is developed: (i) Scenario-I, a DH system integrated into a gas turbine power plant (GTPP), (ii) Scenario-II, a DH system integrated into an organic Rankine cycle (ORC), and (iii) Scenario-III, which is based solely on a DH system. As a result of the thermodynamic and thermoeconomic analyzes of these developed scenarios using an existing MSW-based cogeneration facility's actual operating data, the system with the most extended payback period (about 5 years) is found as the GTPP-DH system developed in Scenario-I, which also has the highest investment cost. On the other hand, the system with the shortest payback period (about 2 years) is found as the DH system developed in Scenario-III, which also has the lowest investment cost. Overall exergy efficiencies of the GTTP-DH, ORC-DH, and DH systems are found to be 41.86%, 16.15%, and 31.87%, respectively. When the developed WtE scenarios adapted to the pilot provinces selected from each geographical region of Turkey, it is found that the GTPP system developed in Scenario-I can increase the power generation capacity of MSW plants for each province by about 20%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126495
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume297
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Funding

The authors acknowledge the support of the “HeatReFlex-Green and Flexible District Heating/Cooling” project ( www.heatreflex.et.aau.dk ) funded by the Danida Fellowship Centre and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark to research in growth and transition countries under the grant no. 18-M06- AAU .

FundersFunder number
Danida Fellowship Centre
Aalborg Universitet
Udenrigsministeriet18-M06

    Keywords

    • District heating
    • Municipal solid waste
    • Power production
    • Thermodynamic
    • Thermoeconomic

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