Modelling and characteristics of thin layer convective air-drying of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) leaves

Osman Yagiz Turan, Fatma Ebru Firatligil*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Fruit and vegetable dehydration has been extensively studied for the improvement of food preservation. Effects of drying temperature on the drying kinetics of thyme were investigated and a suitable drying model was obtained to describe the drying process. Drying behaviour of thyme leaves at temperatures of 50, 60, 70 and 80°C was determined by using a conventional drying oven, and moisture ratio and drying rates were calculated. Four different thin layer drying models, namely Lewis, Henderson and Pabis, Page, and logarithmic models, were used to fit the experimental moisture ratio data. Three statistical parameters: coefficient of determination (R2), chi-square (χ2) and root mean square error (RMSE) were used to compare the goodness of fit of the drying models. Logarithmic model and Page model give the best description of the drying process kinetics of thyme leaves by comparing the experimental values and predicted values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-134
Number of pages7
JournalCzech Journal of Food Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences. All rights reserved.


  • Activation energy
  • Effective diffusivity
  • Modelling
  • Thin layer drying
  • Thyme


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