Microwave Drying Kinetics of a Thin-Layer Liquorice Root

Asim Balbay*, Ömer Şahin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Liquorice root (LR) (Glycyrrize glabra) is known as a sweetener and medicine plant. Drying kinetics of LR with initial moisture content of 49.5% (wet basis (w.b)) were experimentally investigated in a microwave drying system. The drying experiments were carried out at different drying temperatures (40, 45, 50, and 55°C) and microwave power levels (250, 500 and 750 W). Several models from literature were selected to fit the experimental data. The fit quality of models was evaluated using the coefficient of determination (R 2), sum square error (SSE), and root mean square error (RMSE). A new model has been proposed for LR drying in the microwave drying. This new model best describes the experimental data for LRs. The activation energy was calculated to be 46.807 kJ/mol and effective diffusivity ranged from 2.9 × 10 -9 to 5.41 × 10 -9 m 2/s, depending on drying temperatures at constant microwave power level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-864
Number of pages6
JournalDrying Technology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Drying
  • Kinetic
  • Liquorice root
  • Thermal analysis


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