Measurement of the ZZ production cross section and Z → ℓ+′+′− branching fraction in pp collisions at s=13 TeV

The CMS collaboration

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Abstract

Four-lepton production in proton–proton collisions, pp→(Z/γ)(Z/γ)→ℓ+′+′−, where ℓ,ℓ=e or μ, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 2.6 fb−1. The ZZ production cross section, σ(pp→ZZ)=14.6−1.8 +1.9(stat)−0.3 +0.5(syst)±0.2(theo)±0.4(lumi)pb, is measured for events with two opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs produced in the mass region 60<m+,m′+′−<120 GeV. The Z boson branching fraction to four leptons is measured to be B(Z→ℓ+′+′−)=4.9−0.7 +0.8 (stat)−0.2 +0.3 (syst)−0.1 +0.2(theo)±0.1(lumi)×10−6 for the four-lepton invariant mass in the range 80<m+′+′−<100 GeV and dilepton mass m+>4 GeV for all opposite-sign, same-flavor lepton pairs. The results are in agreement with standard model predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)280-303
Number of pages24
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume763
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Author

Funding

Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie program and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union); the Leventis Foundation ; the A. P. Sloan Foundation ; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office ; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture ( FRIA -Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research , India; the HOMING PLUS program of the Foundation for Polish Science , cofinanced from European Union, Regional Development Fund, the Mobility Plus program of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education , the National Science Center (Poland), contracts Harmonia 2014/14/M/ST2/00428 , Opus 2013/11/B/ST2/04202 , 2014/13/B/ST2/02543 and 2014/15/B/ST2/03998 , Sonata-bis 2012/07/E/ST2/01406 ; the Thalis and Aristeia programs cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF ; the National Priorities Research Program by Qatar National Research Fund ; the Programa Clarín-COFUND del Principado de Asturias ; the Rachadapisek Sompot Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship , Chulalongkorn University and the Chulalongkorn Academic into Its 2nd Century Project Advancement Project (Thailand); and the Welch Foundation , contract C-1845 . Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie program and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l'Industrie et dans l'Agriculture (FRIA-Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India; the HOMING PLUS program of the Foundation for Polish Science, cofinanced from European Union, Regional Development Fund, the Mobility Plus program of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the National Science Center (Poland), contracts Harmonia 2014/14/M/ST2/00428, Opus 2013/11/B/ST2/04202, 2014/13/B/ST2/02543 and 2014/15/B/ST2/03998, Sonata-bis 2012/07/E/ST2/01406; the Thalis and Aristeia programs cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF; the National Priorities Research Program by Qatar National Research Fund; the Programa Clarín-COFUND del Principado de Asturias; the Rachadapisek Sompot Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship, Chulalongkorn University and the Chulalongkorn Academic into Its 2nd Century Project Advancement Project (Thailand); and the Welch Foundation, contract C-1845. We thank Massimiliano Grazzini and his collaborators for providing the NNLO cross section calculations. We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centers and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMWFW and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq , CAPES , FAPERJ , and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN ; CAS , MoST , and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER , ERC IUT and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland , MEC , and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF , DFG , and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NIH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP , CINVESTAV , CONACYT , LNS , SEP , and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON , RosAtom , RAS and RFBR (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI and CPAN (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter , IPST , STAR and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU and SFFR (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA).

FundersFunder number
CPAN
EU-ESF
MSES
MoER
STAR
National Science Foundation1606321, 1151640, 1506168, 1401984, 1506130, 1120138, 1211067, 1508869
National Institutes of Health
U.S. Department of Energy
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Welch FoundationC-1845
Hispanics in Philanthropy
Human Growth Foundation
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
California Department of Fish and Wildlife
University of Mississippi
Ministry of Science and Technology
Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
Children's Specialists Foundation
California Earthquake Authority
Qatar National Research Fund
Ministry of Education and Science
Direktion für Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit
Center for African Studies
Ministry of Education
Secretaría de Educación Pública
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu
Santa Fe Institute
Louisiana Academy of Sciences
Rochester Academy of Science
National Research Foundation
Missouri University of Science and Technology
CERN
Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics
Cosmetic Surgery Foundation
Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology
Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej
Science and Technology Facilities CouncilST/N000250/1, ST/K001256/1, GRIDPP, ST/N000242/1
European Commission
European Research Council
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India
Ministry of Education - Singapore
Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India
Science Foundation Ireland
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Research Promotion Foundation
Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy
National Science Council
Fundacja na rzecz Nauki Polskiej
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Russian Foundation for Basic Research
Eesti Teadusagentuur
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior
Academy of Finland
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Austrian Science Fund
Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique - FNRS
Russian Academy of Sciences
Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid
Chulalongkorn University
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie
Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología
Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
General Secretariat for Research and Technology
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment
Országos Tudományos Kutatási Alapprogramok
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning
National Research Foundation of Korea
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
Medical Engineering Centre, King’s College London
Ministry of Science ICT and Future Planning
A.G. Leventis Foundation
National Science and Technology Development Agency
Narodowe Centrum Nauki2014/15/B/ST2/03998, 2012/07/E/ST2/01406, 2014/14/M/ST2/00428, 2013/11/B/ST2/04202, 2014/13/B/ST2/02543
Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
Universiti Malaya
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu
Ministarstvo Prosvete, Nauke i Tehnološkog Razvoja
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego
Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Isfahan University of Technology
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí
Ministry of Education and Science
Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Frauen
Secretaría de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación
European Regional Development Fund
State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM
Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
State Fund for Fundamental Research of Ukraine
Department of Science and Technology, Government of West Bengal
Fundació Catalana de Trasplantament
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules
Laboratorio Nacional de Supercómputo del Sureste de Mexico

    Keywords

    • CMS
    • Electroweak
    • Physics

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