Magnetic field-augmented coagulation bath during phase inversion for preparation of ZnFe2O4/SiO2/PES nanofiltration membrane: A novel method for flux enhancement and fouling resistance

S. Zinadini, A. A.L. Zinatizadeh*, M. Rahimi, V. Vatanpour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocomposite polyethersulfone (PES) nanofiltration membranes were prepared using self-synthesized magnetic ZnFe2O4/SiO2 nanofiller by the phase inversion method. The main aim of this paper was to investigate effect of magnetic field in coagulation step on characteristics of the prepared membranes. The performance of the fabricated mixed matrix membranes was studied by measuring pure water flux, salt retention and fouling parameters. As a result, coagulation bath under magnetic field significantly enhanced pure water flux of the membranes from about 12 kg/m2 h (without magnetic field) to 38 kg/m2 h in the presence of 1 wt.% ZnFe2O4/SiO2 nanoparticles. This described by amount of magnetic nanofillers on the membrane morphology coagulated under the magnetic field of 0.1 T, which changed the skin-layer structure. EDX mapping showed that the magnetic nanoparticles migrated to the membrane surface, when the membrane coagulated under magnetic field. The water contact angle measurement showed the excellent hydrophilicity of 0.5 wt.% ZnFe2O4/SiO2 embedded membranes under magnetic field, which resulted in the superior antifouling properties against powder milk solution. The salt retention sequence for 0.5 wt.% nanoparticle under magnetic field was in sequence of R (Na2SO4) > R (MgSO4) > R (NaCl).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016

Keywords

  • Antifouling
  • Magnetic field
  • Mixed matrix membranes
  • Nanofiltration
  • ZnFeO/SiO nanoparticles

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