Low strength concrete members externally confined with FRP sheets

Alper Ilki*, Nahit Kumbasar, Volkan Koc

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

149 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper axial loading tests on low strength concrete members, which were confined with various thickness of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite sheets are described. Totally 46 specimens with circular, square and rectangular cross-sections with unconfined concrete compressive strengths between 6 and 10 MPa were included in the test program. During the tests, a photogrammetrical deformation measurement technique was also used, as well as conventional measurement techniques. The contribution of external confinement with CFRP composite sheets to the compressive behavior of the specimens with low strength concrete is evaluated quantitatively, in terms of strength, longitudinal and lateral deformability and energy dissipation. The effects of width/depth ratios and the comer radius of the specimens with rectangular cross-section on the axial behavior were also examined. It was seen that the effectiveness of the external confinement with CFRP composite sheets is much more pronounced, when the unconfined concrete compressive strength is relatively lower. It was also found that the available analytical expressions proposed for normal or high strength concrete confined by CFRP sheets could not predict the strength and deformability of CFRP confined low strength concrete accurately. New expressions are proposed for the compressive strength and the ultimate axial strain of CFRP confined low strength concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-194
Number of pages28
JournalStructural Engineering and Mechanics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004


  • Compression
  • Concrete
  • Confined concrete
  • Ductility
  • Fibers
  • Stress-strain curves


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