Light-Mediated Polymerization Catalyzed by Carbon Nanomaterials

Xiongfei Luo, Yingxiang Zhai, Ping Wang, Bing Tian, Shouxin Liu, Jian Li, Chenhui Yang, Veronika Strehmel, Shujun Li*, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski*, Gorkem Yilmaz*, Bernd Strehmel*, Zhijun Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon nanomaterials, specifically carbon dots and carbon nitrides, play a crucial role as heterogeneous photoinitiators in both radical and cationic polymerization processes. These recently introduced materials offer promising solutions to the limitations of current homogeneous systems, presenting a novel approach to photopolymerization. This review highlights the preparation and photocatalytic performance of these nanomaterials, emphasizing their application in various polymerization techniques, including photoinduced i) free radical, ii) RAFT, iii) ATRP, and iv) cationic photopolymerization. Additionally, it discusses their potential in addressing contemporary challenges and explores prospects in this field. Moreover, carbon nitrides, in particular, exhibit exceptional oxygen tolerance, underscoring their significance in radical polymerization processes and allowing their applications such as 3D printing, surface modification of coatings, and hydrogel engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202316431
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Angewandte Chemie International Edition published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.


  • RDRP
  • carbon dots
  • carbon nitrides
  • cationic photopolymerization
  • radical photopolymerization


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