Investigations of a Southerly Non-Convective High Wind Event in Turkey and Effects on PM10 Values: A Case Study on April 18, 2012

Emrah Tuncay Özdemir*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


On 18 April 2012, a cyclone originating in the Central Mediterranean caused a southerly non-convective high wind event, gusts ≥ 50 kn and not associated with thunderstorms, in the western and interior regions of Turkey. Dust events occurred because of dust plumes that rose from the Sahara Desert and from the interior regions of Turkey. The particle matter profile (PM10) on 18 April 2012 was the result of dust transport that appeared in conjunction with a non-convective high wind event, which is investigated in this study. The main objective of this research is to describe the conditions that prevailed before or during the event that occurred over airports and the long-range (intercontinental) trans-boundary transport of PM10 in Turkey. The dust transport trajectories were adjusted to determine the trajectories of long-range dust particles and/or dust particles that moved from interior regions of Turkey using the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model and by calculating the backward trajectories of airports that experienced dust occurrences. Furthermore, dust RGB and MODIS satellite pictures, CALIPSO images, BSC-DREAM8b outputs, Global Forecast System analysis outputs, and surface chart analysis outputs were used for various analyses. On 18 April 2012, Turkey’s largest average hourly value of PM10 was observed to be 844 µg/m3 at Kayseri 1 Air Quality Observation Station. Consequently, it was concluded that the Sahara Desert is the main source of dust transport in Turkey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4599-4622
Number of pages24
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


The author is thankful to the Environmental Ministry of Turkey for providing air quality data and TSMS for meteorological data. In addition, the author thanks Ali Deniz, Y. Burak Öztaner, İsmail Sezen, Özkan Çapraz, Ömer Yetemen, and Bahtiyar Efe for their help. In addition, the author gives thanks to the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey for support. Certain sections of this article were discussed at the Ostiv (International Scientific and Technical Soaring Organisation) Meteorology Panel and at the TSMS remote sensing workshop (Öztaner et al. 2013 ; Özdemir et al. 2013). The author thanks the editor and two anonymous reviewers for improving the manuscript.

FundersFunder number
Environmental Ministry of Turkey
International Scientific and Technical Soaring Organisation) Meteorology Panel
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


    • Non-convective high wind event
    • PM
    • Sahara Desert


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