Interseismic strain accumulation across the North Tabriz Fault (NW Iran) deduced from InSAR time series

Sadra Karimzadeh*, Ziyadin Cakir, Batuhan Osmanoĝlu, Gina Schmalzle, Masakatsu Miyajima, Reza Amiraslanzadeh, Yahya Djamour

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the surface deformation along the North Tabriz Fault (NTF) deduced from Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) technique. The NTF, a major right-lateral strike-slip fault within the active Arabia-Eurasia collision zone, is located 40-45. km southwest of the Mw 6.5 and Mw 6.3, August 11, 2012 earthquake sequence that caused heavy damage and more than 300 deaths in Ahar, NW Iran. InSAR time series analysis of 17 ENVISAT radar images acquired between 2004 and 2010 using combination of the permanent scatterers InSAR (PSI) and the small baseline InSAR (SBAS) approach reveals sub-centimeter interseismic strain accumulation across the NTF and rapid subsidence in the Tabriz basin. Elastic dislocation modeling of the mean line-of-sight velocity field estimated from SBAS time series yields an average slip rate of 8.7 ± 2.5. mm/year with a locking depth of 15.8 ± 10.8. km. This rate is consistent with previous geodetic estimates based on recent Global Positioning System measurements, and suggests a recurrence interval of 250-300 years for major earthquakes of Mw 7.0-7.3 on the NTF, much shorter than those estimated from paleoseismic investigations (821 ± 176 years). This in turn implies a high seismic potential on the NTF taking into account the occurrence of the two last earthquakes on the NTF in 1721 and 1780. SAR time series analysis also reveals three regions of rapid subsidence with a maximum rate of 20. mm/year near the Tabriz thermal power plant in the Tabriz basin. Piezometric data from groundwater wells suggest that accelerated subsidence over the last several years may result from fluctuations in the ground water table.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Geodynamics
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Funding

We thank European Space Agency for providing ENVISAT ASAR data through the project CAT-1-8094. Two anonymous reviewers helped us improve and clarify very much the presentation of the manuscript. We have also benefited from our discussions with Dr. Fallahi. We also thank the Editor-in-Chief, R. Stephenson, for handling the manuscript. Most figures were generated using the public license Generic Mapping Tools software ( Wessel and Smith, 1995 ). Ziyadin Cakir's contribution is partially supported by TUBITAK project 107Y281. This work is supported by Kanazawa University, Japan.

FundersFunder number
Kanazawa University
TUBITAK107Y281

    Keywords

    • InSAR
    • Interseismic strain accumulation
    • North Tabriz Fault
    • Slip rate
    • Subsidence

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