In-situ formation of metal-ceramic microstructures by partial reduction reactions

R. Subramanian*, E. Üstündaǧ, S. L. Sass, R. Dieckmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The formation of metal-ceramic multi-phase microstructures by partial reduction of ternary or higher ceramic oxides has been experimentally investigated in the model system FeMnO and in the more practical system AlNiO by changing the oxygen partial pressure at constant temperature and total pressure. In the FeMnO system the addition of impurities such as A12O3, CaO, Cr2O3 and ZrO2 to the initial, polycrystalline oxide solid solution (Fe1 - xMnx)O strongly influences the location of the metal precipitation during reduction. The experimental observations are discussed based on solubility limits and segregation of impurities. In the AlNiO system, depending on the reduction temperature, two different morphologies of nearly pure Ni particles, equiaxed and rod-like, form within an oxide matrix. Equiaxed Ni particles (0.02 to 0.5 μm in diameter) embedded in α-Al2O3 were formed at 1350 °C, while rod-like Ni particles (~ 5 μm in length and 0.1 μm in diameter) in a metastable "defect spinel" phase, containing much less Ni than NiAl2O4, were formed at 1100 °C. Electron microscopy studies were performed for microstructural characterization, phase identification and chemical analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-255
Number of pages15
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum-nickel-oxygen system
  • Iron-manganese-oxygen
  • Metal-ceramic microstructure
  • Partial reduction


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