Hydrological drought associations with extreme phases of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oscillations over Turkey and northern Iran

Saeed Vazifehkhah*, Ercan Kahya

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Impacts of the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Arctic Oscillation (AO) on hydroclimatic variables have been previously studied in various viewpoints. This study adds a new perspective by focusing on the influences of winter NAO and AO extreme phases on hydrological drought using a standardized streamflow index (SSFI) over Turkey and northern Iran. Moreover, the physical mechanisms associated with the extreme phases of NAO over different atmospheric conditions were investigated. The results concerning short-term droughts across Turkey revealed that wet conditions dominate particularly in the winter and following spring during the negative NAO and AO extreme phases while the NAO and AO impacts in Iran are only significant during simultaneous winter. Furthermore, the outputs of SSFI for the positive extreme phases of NAO and AO considerably differed in Turkey and Iran so that multiple drought events were detected in Turkey for all timescales as generally opposed to Iran. Western and eastern Turkey suffered from drought in various magnitudes during the positive extreme phases of NAO while fewer droughts were observed in Iran around the Caspian Sea during the negative NAO and AO extreme phases. Results of correlation analysis depicts that negative cycles are controlling wetness (drought) in Turkey (Iran) while there is a weak correlation between positive NAO cycles and SSFIs in the study area. In addition, our study showed that negative NAO and AO extreme phases could affect the hydrological drought stronger but in a shorter period compared with a longer period regarding the positive NAO and AO phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4459-4475
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Climatology
Volume38
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Royal Meteorological Society

Funding

This research was partially supported by the Scientific Research Projects Unit of Istanbul Technical University through the project (# 39267). The authors appreciate the general directorate of Turkish State Hydraulic Works (TSHW) and Iran Water Resources Management Company (IWRMC) for providing daily streamflow data. We would also thank Physical Sciences Division of Earth System Research Laboratory of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for providing climatological composite maps and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) for their provision of NAO and AO records. We also would like to thank Mr. Turhan Uludag, who is currently acting as an English lecturer at ITU North Cyprus, for editing the manuscript entirely. information Istanbul Teknik ?niversitesi, Grant/Award Number: 39267This research was partially supported by the Scientific Research Projects Unit of Istanbul Technical University through the project (# 39267). The authors appreciate the general directorate of Turkish State Hydraulic Works (TSHW) and Iran Water Resources Management Company (IWRMC) for providing daily streamflow data. We would also thank Physical Sciences Division of Earth System Research Laboratory of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for providing climatological composite maps and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) for their provision of NAO and AO records. We also would like to thank Mr. Turhan Uluda?, who is currently acting as an English lecturer at ITU North Cyprus, for editing the manuscript entirely.

FundersFunder number
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi39267
Iran Water Resources Management Company

    Keywords

    • Arctic Oscillation
    • hydrological drought
    • Iran
    • North Atlantic Oscillation
    • Turkey

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