How innovative are the cities? A multi-variable approach to measuring innovation in Turkey

Ebru Kerimoglu*, Delal Ekinci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


There are a couple of essential indicators of an innovative city. Besides technological and economic developments, there are qualities such as institutional capacity, strong collaborative dispositions, and an excellent physical and social infrastructure which make a city genuinely innovative and they create a push for the rest of the region and, in some cases, for the entire country. This study aims to measure the innovation level of the cities in Turkey with a multi-variable approach. In total, 27 variables were used for 81 cities of Turkey, with a 0-100 scale. The results showed that 68 cities are below the average value of innovation (1.23%). Overall, most of the cities in Turkey performed poorly in the analysis, and this reveals that using innovation as a means to achieve regional development is yet not fully acknowledged by the public authorities in Turkey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-214
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Urban and Regional Analysis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Editura Universitatii din Bucuresti. All rights reserved.


Abbreviations: TurkStat – Turkish Statistical Institute; TOBB – the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey; MCT – Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Directorate General of State Opera and Ballet; BTK – Information and Communication Technologies Authority; KUSİ – projects supported by the Ministry of Science, Industry and Trade with the aim of increasing synergy between stakeholders through public-university-industry cooperation; SANTEZ – projects supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, covering products and production methods based on new technologies realized with industry-university-public cooperation; KUSIP – public-university-industry cooperation portal.

FundersFunder number
Directorate General of State Opera and Ballet
Information and Communication Technologies Authority
Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Ministry of Science, Industry and Trade
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


    • Innovative city
    • Policy development
    • Regional development
    • Turkey


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