Hollow fiber nanofiltration membranes for surface water treatment: Performance evaluation at the pilot scale

Reyhan Sengur-Tasdemir, Gulsum Melike Urper-Bayram, Turker Turken, Esra Ates-Genceli, Volodymyr V. Tarabara, Ismail Koyuncu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Four types of hollow fiber nanofiltration membranes were fabricated and tested during pilot scale treatment of surface water taken from Istanbul Ömerli Lake Reservoir. Membrane types included: polymer thin film composite, reinforced thin film composite, TiO2-polymer thin film nanocomposite, and Aquaporin-polymer reinforced thin film composite. Interfacial polymerization procedure was used to form the polyamide separation layer for all membrane types. The amount of permeate water collected from membranes was controlled by membrane fouling. In terms of productivity, the membranes were ranked as follows: reinforced Aquaporin membrane (6.30 L/m2/h) > TiO2 incorporated membrane (5.69 L/m2/h) > reinforced thin film composite membrane (4.76 L/m2/h) > polymeric thin film composite membrane (3.24 L/m2/h). TiO2-incorporated membranes had the highest initial flux while reinforced thin film composite membranes had the highest removals for each water constituents tested (MgCl2, tannic acid, synthetic lake water, pre-filtered lake water). The study points to the practicability and promise of hollow fiber nanofiltration membranes for surface water treatment applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102100
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


The authors are grateful to TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey) for the financial support under Project No: 113Y359.

FundersFunder number
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu113Y359


    • Aquaporin
    • Reinforced hollow fiber membranes
    • Surface water treatment
    • Thin film composite membranes
    • Titanium dioxide


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