High Altitude Platform Station (HAPS) to Satellite Channel Models for 6G Networks

Cansu Palanci, Funda Akleman, Gunes Karabulut Kurt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


It is widely acknowledged that flexible and agile solutions for wireless connectivity will play a key role in the next generation communication systems, and High Altitude Platform Station (HAPS) will be one of these solutions as an indispensable part of wireless networks. In this article, we investigate the modeling of the communication channel between HAPS and satellites. Considering the factors affecting the quality of the communication channel and the location of the HAPS, we predicted that analysis of electromagnetic wave propagation through ionosphere layers may become critical. This paper mostly focuses on the effects of plasma density variation on the ionospheric communication channel. We firstly analyze the effect of magnetic field on the refractive index confirm that it can indeed be ignored, as frequently assumed in the literature. Then the effects of Total Electron Content (TEC) amount on path loss are analyzed by the Appleton-Hartree modeling of refractive index. Using the maximum electron densities of the layers we adapt the Chapman model for HAPS-to-satellite channels. Extensive numerical results are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 IEEE Aerospace Conference, AERO 2022
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781665437608
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE Aerospace Conference, AERO 2022 - Big Sky, United States
Duration: 5 Mar 202212 Mar 2022

Publication series

NameIEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)1095-323X


Conference2022 IEEE Aerospace Conference, AERO 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBig Sky

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IEEE.


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