Graphene Oxide/Alginate Quasi-Cryogels for Removal of Methylene Blue

Gizem Balkız, Evridiki Pingo, Nilay Kahya, Hakan Kaygusuz*, F. Bedia Erim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Quasi-cryogelation technique is a simple yet effective technique for improving the adsorptive efficiency of biopolymer-based adsorbent materials. In this work, a biopolymer-based adsorbent material, graphene oxide alginate quasi-cryogel beads are reported. Alginate biopolymer was crosslinked and frozen at − 21 °C in order to obtain a gel with cryogel-like microstructure. Graphene oxide was included in the bead formulation in order to enhance the adsorptive characteristics. Beads were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and swelling experiments. Removal of the model cationic dye, methylene blue, was studied by batch adsorption method. It is found that the adsorption follows the Freundlich isotherm model and pseudo-first order kinetics with reaching an adsorption capacity of 122.26 mg/g in 60 min. Results indicate that the physisorption might be due to theinteractions between graphene oxide and methylene blue, in addition to electrostatic interactions. Moreover, quasi-cryogelation technique significantly improved the dye removal properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature.


  • Adsorption
  • Alginate
  • Cryogel
  • Dye removal
  • Graphene oxide
  • Methylene blue


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