Geomedical assessment of an area having high-fluoride groundwater in southeastern Turkey

Mehmet İrfan Yeşilnacar*, Ayşegül Demir Yetiş, Çoruh Türksel Dülgergil, Mustafa Kumral, Ayşe Dilek Atasoy, Tuba Rastgeldi Doğan, Sadık İsmail Tekiner, İbrahim Bayhan, Murat Aydoğdu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The high-fluoride concentration in groundwater has been yet determined in two villages (Sarım and Karataş) of western Şanlıurfa (Turkey) where it is the only source of drinking water. To assess medical and hydrogeological dimensions of this problem, principally including fluoride concentrations as well as electrical conductivity, temperature and pH values were measured in groundwater wells of 65 villages including these two villages on site and a dental examination was performed on 451 children. The fluoride concentrations in the groundwater of four villages determined as greater than 1.20 mg/L, causing dental fluorosis among children of these villages. Results revealed that dental fluorosis cases can develop even at low fluoride levels. Finally, the prepared geomedical map demonstrated that medical and hydrogeological evidences were compatible with each other.

Original languageEnglish
Article number162
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


This study was funded by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) under Grant No. 110Y234 and the Scientific Research Projects Committee of Harran University (HUBAK) under Grant Nos. 13040 and Ek 13007. 13040. We thank our undergraduate students named İ. Halil Direk, Selami Yiğit, H. Ruşen Keskin, Tuba Tekin and Şeyhmus Karabulut for their assistance in drilling sampling of the field study.

FundersFunder number
HUBAK13040, Ek 13007
Scientific Research Projects Committee of Harran University
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


    • Dental fluorosis
    • Drinking water
    • Fluoride
    • Geomedical map
    • Groundwater pollution
    • Southeastern Turkey


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