Geochemical and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic characteristics of Paleocene plagioleucitites from the Eastern Pontides (NE Turkey)

Rainer Altherr*, Gültekin Topuz, Wolfgang Siebel, Cüneyt Şen, Hans Peter Meyer, Muharrem Satir, Yann Lahaye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the southern zone of the Eastern Pontides, an isolated small (~ 1.5 km2) outcrop of plagioleucitites occurs in the Aşutka thrust sheet. Field relations constrain the timing of volcanism between Maastrichtian and late Paleocene. The plagioleucitites consist of clinopyroxene, analcime (former leucite), Ti-magnetite, plagioclase, sanidine, apatite and accessory biotite. The rocks are represented by three geochemical and petrographic varieties: Types I and II are mostly blocks within epiclastic debris and type III are lava flows. All the rocks are considerably altered, whereby leucite is almost totally analcimized, apart from leucite inclusions within clinopyroxene that are remote from cracks. Furthermore, calcite and chlorite/smectite have been formed. Chemical effects of alteration are primarily reflected in an unsystematic variation of whole-rock K2O/Na2O ratios (0.12 to 1.71) and of the abundances of large-ion lithophile elements, such as Cs and K, and perhaps also Rb. Both the high modal abundance of (former) leucite and the composition of clinopyroxene indicate an ultrapotassic nature of the primary rocks. In primitive mantle-normalized element concentration diagrams, all samples are characterized by negative anomalies of Nb-Ta, Zr-Hf and Ti and a positive anomaly in Pb, testifying the orogenic nature of the volcanics. The rocks cover restricted ranges in all initial isotope ratios with 87Sr/86Sr(i) (60 Ma) ranging from 0.70537 to 0.70568, 143Nd/144Nd(i) from 0.512529 to 0.512585, 206Pb/204Pb(i) from 18.65 to 18.83, 207Pb/204Pb(i) from 15.65 to 15.66 and 208Pb/204Pb from 38.64 to 38.88. There is no obvious relationship between the degree of analcimization and the isotopic composition. In Pb-Pb variation diagrams, the rocks plot above the Northern Hemisphere Reference Line (NHRL). Chondrite-normalized rare earth element (REE) patterns show no significant Eu anomaly, but a strong enrichment of the LREE over the HREE with (La/Yb)cn = 11.6-14.2, whereby normalized concentrations of Er to Lu are nearly similar. The Everek Hanlari{dotless} plagioleucitites represent the youngest products of Cretaceous to Paleocene arc magmatism of the Eastern Pontides, thus documenting the last stages of the Neotethyan subduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-161
Number of pages13
JournalLithos
Volume105
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2008

Keywords

  • Eastern Pontides, Turkey
  • Geochemistry
  • Plagioleucitite
  • Sr-Nd-Pb isotopes

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