Gender differences in ethnic entrepreneurship

Tüzin Baycan-Levent*, Enno Masurel, Peter Nijkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Gender-based differences are the most important topic of discussion in female entrepreneurship studies. While earlier studies focused on psychological and sociological characteristics of female entrepreneurs, assuming there were only a few differences between males and females, more recent studies have addressed gender-based differences in entrepreneurship from a new perspective, referred to as the integrated perspective, which is rooted in psychological and sociological theory. This perspective focuses on gender differences in entrepreneurial characteristics and performance from the perspective of liberal feminist and social feminist theories, which attempt to explain the basis of the lower status of women in society. Against this background, the aim of the present paper is to investigate gender-based differences in a special field of entrepreneurship, viz. ethnic entrepreneurship, and to describe male and female profiles of ethnic entrepreneurs and enterprises.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)173-190
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Entrepreneurship
  • Ethnic entrepreneurship
  • Female entrepreneurship
  • Gender
  • Gender differences in entrepreneurship


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