Fire Safety Analysis Onboard Passenger Ships by using Fire Dynamics Simulations: Case Study of a Turkish Domestic Passenger Ship

Tolga Aycı*, Barış Barlas, Aykut Ölçer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fire hazards onboard are a significant cause of accidents, leading to loss of life and property. According to the Global Integrated Shipping Information System database, 6.82 out of every 1000 passenger/Ro-Ro/Ferry ships have reported fire casualties within the category of “serious to very serious”, a rate higher than that of other ship types. This study analyzes fire safety on passenger ships through fire dynamics simulations. A Turkish domestic passenger ferry with a capacity of 600 passengers was selected as the case study. The model analyzed fire extinguishing and structural fire protection systems under five scenarios. The heat release rate, total energy, and temperature parameters were also scrutinized. In addition to fire extinguishing systems like sprinklers, structural fire protection systems such as fire-rated bulkheads and decks significantly impact fire safety on passenger ships. During maintenance and operation processes, these components should undergo regular inspections by the crew and technical teams. The key findings of this study are that temperatures in the engine room increase extremely to around 500 °C in the early stages and application of neither structural nor active (extinguishing etc.) fire protection systems together led to fatal consequences onboard passenger ships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-236
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Eta Maritime Science
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright© 2024 the Author. Published by Galenos Publishing House on behalf of UCTEA Chamber of Marine Engineers.

Keywords

  • Field modeling
  • Fire dynamics simulation
  • Fire safety
  • Passenger ships

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Fire Safety Analysis Onboard Passenger Ships by using Fire Dynamics Simulations: Case Study of a Turkish Domestic Passenger Ship'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this