Factors affecting the electrical resistivity of concrete

O. Sengul*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Field experience indicates that the traditional design methods are not effective for obtaining durable structures and performance-based methods are attaining more interest. For the production of new concrete structures in severe environments, requirements to chloride diffusivity are increasingly being used as a performance-based specification for concrete durability. As a basis for the concrete quality control during concrete construction, however, the testing of chloride diffusivity is both time-consuming and elaborate. Therefore, the relationship between chloride diffusivity and electrical resistivity should first be established. Then the chloride diffusivity can indirectly be controlled by routine-based measurements of the electrical resistivity during concrete construction. Electrical resistivity is a non-destructive testing method, which allows rapid inspection of concrete structures. Several factors affect such measurements. To provide more information about some of those factors that may affect the results and establish some simple procedures for a routine-based quality control of the electrical resistivity during concrete construction, an experimental program was carried out. The test program included different environmental conditions such as temperature and humidity as well as different concrete mixtures and factors such as binder type, and aggregate content were investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNondestructive Testing of Materials and Structures :Proceedings of NDTMS-2011, Istanbul, Turkey,May 15-18, 2011
EditorsOral Buyukozturk
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852


This research was carried out in the Faculty of Civil Engineering at Istanbul Technical University (ITU). The author wish to acknowledge the financial support of TUBITAK (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey), Project: CAYDAG 108Y234.

FundersFunder number
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma KurumuCAYDAG 108Y234


    • Aggregate content
    • Binder type
    • Electrical resistivity
    • Humidity
    • Temperature
    • Water/cement ratio


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