Explainable Artificial Intelligence for Cotton Yield Prediction With Multisource Data

Mehmet Furkan Celik*, Mustafa Serkan Isik, Gulsen Taskin, Esra Erten, Gustau Camps-Valls

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cotton is under the threat of climate and ecosystem change and has an essential role in the global textile industry. This makes its yield prediction essential for both economics and sustainability. The potential cotton yield can be predicted by integrating climatic factors, soil parameters, and biophysical parameters observed by high temporal and spatial resolution remote sensing satellites. This study used a multisource dataset to create an explainable and accurate predictive model for cotton yield prediction over the continental United States (CONUS). A recently proposed glass-box method called explainable boosting machine (EBM), which provides transparency, reliability, and ease of interpretation, was implemented. Accuracy performance was compared with the common machine learning (ML) methods for predicting cotton yields. The EBM showed higher accuracy against other glass-box methods and competitive results with black-box models. With the help of the EBM, the importance of individual features and their pairwise interactions was revealed without applying any post hoc methods. The study findings showed that precipitation (P), enhanced vegetation index (EVI), and leaf area index (LAI) are the three most important dynamic features. The dynamic features are the driver of the created model with 78% of the overall feature importance, followed by pairwise interactions of the features with 16% contribution. Finally, static features contribute 6% to the overall feature importance. The study highlights the importance of using multisource data and interactions of the input features and providing an interpretable model to understand the inner dynamics of cotton yield predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8500905
JournalIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2004-2012 IEEE.

Funding

This work was supported in part by the 2022 Climate Change AI Innovation Grants Program, Hosted by Climate Change AI with the additional support of Canada Hub of Future Earth, under Grant 182; and in part by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under Project 122Y102.

FundersFunder number
2022 Climate Change AI Innovation182
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu122Y102

    Keywords

    • Agriculture
    • cotton
    • explainable artificial intelligence (XAI)
    • explainable boosting machine (EBM)
    • feature selection
    • glass-box method
    • interpretability
    • yield estimation

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