Electrification and Hybridization of Ferries: State of The Art and Case Study

Omer Berkehan Inal*, Jean Frédéric Charpentier, Cengiz Deniz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Zero-emission maritime transportation is the ultimate goal of the shipping industry. In this aim, new regulations lead to technical constraints which lead the naval industry toward efficient and environmentally friendly power and propulsion systems. Especially, minimizing the impacts of the ships operating in the coastal, harbor, or urban areas is a key feature considering environmental and human health concerns. Shortly, ferries or passenger ships operating in these areas will face reaching zero-emission constraints. Using electricity as a main vector of energy is one of the most promising ways to reach these goals. In particular, full electric or hybrid solution using multi-source energy systems appears to be a very relevant solution. This chapter is devoted to the study of the electrification and hybridization of ferries and passenger ships operating in coastal and urban areas. The first part of the chapter aims to review the fully electric and hybrid propulsion topologies and power management strategies that can be used for ferries and passenger ships operating in coastal or urban areas. Several relevant examples of vessels using this kind of technology are presented. Particular focus will be on full electric solutions based on batteries/fuel cells/supercapacitors as main energy sources and possible energy management strategies. In the second part of the chapter, a case study will be presented based on the specifications and mission profile of the Istanbul Ferries crosses the Bosporus straight. Several possible technical solutions are studied by giving mathematical models of the equipment respecting the state of the art in the first part.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy, Environment, and Sustainability
Number of pages27
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameEnergy, Environment, and Sustainability
ISSN (Print)2522-8366
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8374

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.


Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Research Fund of the Istanbul Technical University (Project ID: 43546). The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests.

FundersFunder number
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi43546


    • Electric ships
    • Emission reduction
    • Hybrid propulsion
    • Hybrid system modelling


    Dive into the research topics of 'Electrification and Hybridization of Ferries: State of The Art and Case Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this