Electric load forecasting under False Data Injection Attacks using deep learning

Arash Moradzadeh, Mostafa Mohammadpourfard*, Charalambos Konstantinou, Istemihan Genc, Taesic Kim, Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Precise electric load forecasting at different time horizons is an essential aspect for electricity producers and consumers who participate in energy markets in order to maximize their economic efficiency. Moreover, accurate prediction of the electric load contributes toward robust and resilient power grids due to the error minimization of generators scheduling schemes. The accuracy of the existing electric load forecasting methods relies on data quality due to noisy real-world environments, and data integrity due to malicious cyber-attacks. This paper proposes a cyber-secure deep learning framework that accurately predicts electric load in power grids for a time horizon spanning from an hour to a week. The proposed deep learning framework systematically integrates Autoencoder (AE), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) models (AE-CLSTM). The feasibility of the proposed solution is validated by using realistic grid data acquired from the distribution network of Tabriz, Iran. Compared to other load forecasting methods, the proposed method shows the highest accuracy in both a normal case with real-world noise and a stealthy False Data Injection Attack (FDIA). The proposed load forecasting method is practical and suitable for mitigating noise in real-world data and integrity attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9933-9945
Number of pages13
JournalEnergy Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s)

Funding

This work was supported by European Commission Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Cofund program and TÜBİTAK (Project Number: 120C080 ). The authors declare the following financial interests/personal relationships which may be considered as potential competing interests: Mostafa Mohammadpourfard reports financial support was provided by European Commission Horizon. Mostafa Mohammadpourfard reports financial support was provided by TUBITAK. Mostafa MOhammadpourfard reports a relationship with European Commission Horizon that includes: funding grants.

FundersFunder number
European Commission Horizon
European Commission Horizon 2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Cofund program
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu120C080

    Keywords

    • Cybersecurity
    • Deep learning
    • False Data Injection Attack
    • Load forecasting
    • Smart grid

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