Efficient Removal of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Heavy Metals from Water by Electrospun Nanofibrous Polycyclodextrin Membranes

Asli Celebioglu, Fuat Topuz, Zehra Irem Yildiz, Tamer Uyar*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Here, a highly efficient membrane based on electrospun polycyclodextrin (poly-CD) nanofibers was prepared and exploited for the scavenging of various polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heavy metals from water. The poly-CD nanofibers were produced by the electrospinning of CD molecules in the presence of a cross-linker (i.e., 1,2,3,4-butanetetracarboxylic acid), followed by heat treatment to obtain an insoluble poly-CD nanofibrous membrane. The membrane was used for the removal of several PAH compounds (i.e., acenaphthene, fluorene, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, and pyrene) and heavy metals (i.e., Pb 2+ , Ni 2+ , Mn 2+ , Cd 2+ , Zn 2+ , and Cu 2+ ) from water over time. Experiments were made on the batch sorption of PAHs and heavy metals from contaminated water to explore the binding affinity of PAHs and heavy metals to the poly-CD membrane. The equilibrium sorption capacity (q e ) of the poly-CD nanofibrous membrane was found to be 0.43 ± 0.045 mg/g for PAHs and 4.54 ± 0.063 mg/g for heavy metals, and the sorption kinetics fitted well with the pseudo-second-order model for both types of pollutants. The membrane could be recycled after treatment with acetonitrile or a 2% nitric acid solution and reused up to four times with similar performance. Further, dead-end filtration experiments showed that the PAH removal efficiencies were as high as 92.6 ± 1.6 and 89.9 ± 4.8% in 40 s for the solutions of 400 and 600 μg/L PAHs, respectively. On the other hand, the removal efficiencies for heavy metals during the filtration were 94.3 ± 5.3 and 72.4 ± 23.4% for 10 and 50 mg/L solutions, respectively, suggesting rapid and efficient filtration of heavy metals and PAHs by the nanofibrous poly-CD membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7850-7860
Number of pages11
JournalACS Omega
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society.


The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, project# 113Y348) is acknowledged for funding the research. Notes The authors declare no competing financial interest.

FundersFunder number
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


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