Effects of sonication power on electrochemical performance of ZrO2-decorated LiMn2O4 cathode material for LIBs

Mehmet Emre Cetintasoglu, Ozgul Keles*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The LiMn2O4 (LMO) powder is decorated with ZrO2 (denoted as Zr@LMO) particles by using sonication-assisted sol–gel method. Different sonication powers (10, 30 and 50%) are used to disperse ZrO2 and the effects of ZrO2 distribution at LiMn2O4’s electrochemical performance are analysed. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy analyses have been made on laminated samples. For the structural analyses of particles, X-ray diffractometer is used. Electrochemical performances of electrodes are tested with galvanostatic measurements, cyclic voltammograms and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The ZrO2 distribution ratio on the particle surfaces is improved by 10% with the increase of sonication power from 10 to 50%. Therefore, at 50% sonication power, lower charge transfer resistance and side reactions (Mn dissolution) are accomplished, which leads to 41 and 9% specific capacity increase compared to pure and the lowest sonication power, respectively. After 100 cycles at 0.1C, 93.2 mAh g–1 specific discharge capacity and 73.4% capacity retention are attained for ZrO2-decorated LMO at 50% sonication power. Furthermore, at 2C rate, the specific discharge capacity of the decorated sample at 50% sonication power is 59% higher than the pure LMO. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number109
JournalBulletin of Materials Science
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, Indian Academy of Sciences.

Funding

We thank Prof. Dr Gultekin Goller and Huseyin Sezer for their aids to attain XRD and SEM characterizations. We also thank Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Department for their supports about this study (Project ID: BAP 39312).

FundersFunder number
Istanbul Teknik ÜniversitesiBAP 39312

    Keywords

    • LiMnO cathode
    • lithium-ion battery
    • sol–gel
    • surface decoration
    • ultrasonic sonication

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