Effect of precipitated calcium carbonate additions on waterborne paints at different pigment volume concentrations

Firat Karakaş*, Behzad Vaziri Hassas, Mehmet S. Çelik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium dioxide (TiO2) due to its high refractive index, is widely used in paint industry as a white pigment. In order to reduce this high cost of TiO2, a part of TiO2 is generally substituted by some other industrial mineral fillers such as calcite and calcined kaolin; however, this substitution affects the quality of paints in terms of stability, coverage (opacity), brightness (gloss), scrub resistance (film toughness), etc. In the present paper, precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) was substituted for TiO2 in paint mixture at three different pigment volume concentrations (PVC). It was observed that substitution of TiO2 by PCC depends on PVC value at which there is an optimum PCC amount. The quality of paints produced by PCC along with its rheological properties was evaluated based on standard features in both wet and dry paints such as viscosity, density, opacity and gloss values. Addition of PCC increases the opacity to a certain point. Similarly, scrub resistance and viscosity increases with the addition of PCC at all PVCs, however, viscosity is not as much critical for the paint production. On the other hand, there is no any systematic effect of PCC on gloss value of the paint. This study overall demonstrates that PCC can be successfully used to substitute TiO2 only with a careful adjustment of PVC and other extenders used in the paint formulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalProgress in Organic Coatings
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


This work was supported by Scientific Research Program of ITU (Istanbul Technical University) with a project number of 36603. Authors acknowledge the financial support of ITU.

FundersFunder number
Istanbul Teknik Üniversitesi36603


    • Calcite
    • TiO
    • Waterborne paint


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