Effect of dietary fiber addition on the content and in vitro bioaccessibility of antioxidants in red raspberry puree

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to understand how the addition of pectin (2.5% and 5%) affected the content and bioaccessibility of phenolics in red raspberry puree. The results showed that the concentration of antioxidants in red raspberry puree was reduced with the addition of pectin. Similarly, addition of pectin to red raspberry puree significantly reduced the total phenolic content (15–20%), total antioxidant capacity (18–70%), and total monomeric anthocyanin (25–30%) after in vitro digestion. On the other hand, significant decreases in the bioaccessible amount of cyanidin (41%), cyanidin-3-glucoside (14%), cyanidin-3-rutinoside (17%), pelargonidin 3‐glucoside (16%), and peonidin (28%) were observed after the addition of pectin (5% (w/w)) compared to the control (p < 0.05) as analyzed with the HPLC method. According to the LC-MS/MS analysis of red raspberry samples, five flavonoids (rutin, quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, and phlorizin) and six phenolic acids (gallic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, sinapic acid, p-coumaric acid, and ferulic acid) were detected. The effect of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion varied depending on the type of the phenolic compounds. Sinapic acid and phlorizin were not detected at all in the intestinal phase, indicating that they were completely degraded during digestion. The percentage bioaccessibility of gallic acid (49–88%), rutin (6–16%), and quercetin (23–33%) was decreased proportionally with the increase in the pectin content in red raspberry purees (p < 0.05). On the other hand, only 5% pectin addition to red raspberry puree resulted with a significant decrease in the amount of bioaccessible caffeic acid (8% to 5%), kaempferol (24% to 13%), ferulic acid (26% to 10%), and myricetin (91% to 57%) (p < 0.05). Overall, the present study highlighted that incorporation of pectin to red raspberry puree reduced the amount of bioaccessible polyphenols.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131897
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume375
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Dietary fiber
  • Food matrix
  • In vitro digestion
  • Interaction

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