Effect of CEC coverage of hexadecyltributylphosphonium modified montmorillonite on polymer compatibility

Rustam Hojiyev*, Yusuf Ulcay, Mehmet S. Çelik, William M. Carty

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The present work was aimed to investigate polymer compatibility of hexadecyltributylphosphonium bromide (HDTBPh) modified Na-montmorillonite (Na[sbnd]Mt) at different cation exchange capacity (CEC) coverages. The Na[sbnd]Mt was modified at five different CEC coverages in the range of 60%–150%. The morphology, porosity, and thermal and surface properties of HDTBPh in Na[sbnd]Mt interlayer were investigated. The intercalation behavior of HDTBPh investigated by X-ray diffractometry showed that the d001-value reached a maximum of 23.4 Å at 125% CEC coverage. The specific surface area (SSA) and porosity were investigated by N2 adsorption at − 197 °C temperature. The SSA decreased from 57.19 m2/g to 24.11 m2/g at 150% CEC coverage, as opposed to the porosity which increased upon interaction with HDTBPh and led to a more open structure. The thermal stability, investigated by themogravimetry (TGA), slightly decreased with increasing CEC coverage. The CEC coverage of HDTBPh was found to play an important role in the clay-polymer compatibility. A simple acid–base approach involving the calculation of total energy of interaction between Na[sbnd]Mt surface and polymer surface (ΔGClay/Polymer/ClayIF) was developed to evaluate the clay-polymer compatibility. While the positive value of ΔGClay/Polymer/ClayIF indicated the clay-polymer compatibility, the negative value was ascribed to no polymer compatibility. The calculated value of ΔGClay/Polymer/ClayIF was critical for proper selection of CEC coverage for each polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


This work was a part of project supported by Turkish Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology under the San-Tez program (00492.STZ.2009-2).

FundersFunder number
Turkish Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology00492.STZ.2009-2


    • CEC coverage
    • Clay-polymer compatibility
    • Contact angle
    • Hexadecyltributylphosphonium bromide
    • Hydrophobicity
    • Na-montmorillonite
    • Organoclay
    • Porosity
    • Surface area


    Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of CEC coverage of hexadecyltributylphosphonium modified montmorillonite on polymer compatibility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this