Development of multifunctional cnts reinforced pei filaments for fused deposition modeling

Özge Kaynan, Alptekin Yıldız, Yunus Emre Bozkurt, Elif Özden Yenigün*, Hülya Cebeci

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Additive manufacturing (AM) enables cost effective production of complex shapes with providing design freedom. Fused deposition modeling (FDM) has been one of the most accessible AM methods which guide thermoplastic filaments to provide accurate and easy production of 3D objects layer by layer fusion. However, this technique has brought some drawbacks associated with limited material choices including relatively weak structural properties, low resolution range, and restrained processability in 3D printers. To overcome these flaws of FDM, herein we described the fabrication of high-performance thermoplastic filaments as an FDM feedstock as a stronger replacement of commodity thermoplastics. For further improvement, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were incorporated into high performance matrices to provide multifunctionality both by improving mechanical properties and electrical conductivity. To achieve that, composite polyetherimide (PEI) filaments with various CNTs fractions were processed by melt compounding without any solvents or additives. Manufacturing process adopted a sequence of twin and single screw extrusion. Thermal transition and rheological changes due to CNTs incorporation were monitored and morphology, tensile behavior and electrical conductivity of neat PEI and nanocomposite filaments were investigated. The results showed that 5 wt % CNTs reinforced PEI filaments exhibited 55 % higher stiffness compared to neat PEI feedstock. Structural analysis supported that these nanofillers were well dispersed in mix state and electrical percolation threshold of CNTs/PEI nanocomposite filaments was found as low as ca. 0.1 wt % CNTs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: 7 Jan 201911 Jan 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum


ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. All rights reserved.


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