Development of Carbon Nanofiber Yarns by Electrospinning

A. Demir, B. Acikabak, Z. Ahan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years the commercial importance of carbon nanofiber has increased due to its high mechanical properties, electrical and thermal conductivity and lightness. Therefore, carbon nanofibers are candidate to replace many commercial products. In general carbon nanofibers are produced from precursor fiber. Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) is usually used as precursor fiber because of comparatively high carbon yield and a thermally stable and highly oriented molecular structure. Large number of scientific publications have been demonstrated with the help of progress in nanofiber production methods, such electrospinning, centrifugal- spinning, air blowing from melt or solution, and optimization of process parameters of those methods. In this study, PAN nanoyarn is first obtained by the electrospnning method which is very convenient process for producing thin fiber. Stabilization is then applied by exposure to air at 230°C to provide thermally stable structure so that the resulting PAN nanofibers could be thermally durable during the carbonization process at high temperature. Finally, the process for the carbonization of the stabilized sample is operated in a argon gas atmosphere at 600°C. The produced material is characterized by SEM to observe its morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012027
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume460
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Dec 2018
Event18th World Textile Conference, AUTEX 2018 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: 20 Jun 201822 Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.

Funding

This work has been carried out by the Research and Development grant by TUBITAK and INOVENSO with the R&D Project Number 0937.STZ.2015.

FundersFunder number
INOVENSO
TUBITAK

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