Development of an antibacterial and visible photocatalytic nanocomposite microfiltration membrane incorporated by Ag3PO4/CuZnAl NLDH

Leila Ghalamchi, Soheil Aber*, Vahid Vatanpour, Mohsen Kian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Novel microfiltration mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) were successfully prepared by embedding the Ag3PO4/ZnAlCu nanolayerd double hydroxide (NLDH) nanocomposite into the polyethersulfone (PES) matrix. The results demonstrated that adding the Ag3PO4/ZnAlCu-NLDH nanocomposite improved the antifouling properties in the microfiltration process with the increase of hydrophilicity, porosity, surface pore diameter, and antibacterial properties. When the content of the nanocomposite was 0.5 wt%, the pure water flux was increased to 269.5 L m−2 h−1, as compared with the pristine PES membrane (229.2 L m−2 h−1). Surprisingly, it was found that embedding only 0.5 wt% of the Ag3PO4/ZnAlCu-NLDH nanocomposite in the PES matrix could spring up an antibiofouling membrane with the flux recovery ratio (FRR) of 62.3%, as compared to the pristine PES membrane with 50.9% of FRR. As confirmed by the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), the copper and silver assembly in the PES membranes resulted in controlled leaching, proving that more than 95% of the added nanocomposite remained in the membrane after two months. The fabricated Ag3PO4/ZnAlCu-NLDH nanocomposite membranes also exhibited appreciable antibacterial efficiency against E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and B. anthracis. This study, therefore, suggests Ag3PO4/ZnAlCu-NLDH could be an effective additive to modify the PES microfiltration membrane for the development of MBR membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-231
Number of pages14
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume226
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Antibiofouling
  • Layered double hydroxide
  • Membrane bioreactor
  • Microfiltration
  • Photocatalysis

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