Determining optimum sulfur content as alternative binder additive in asphaltic concrete pavements

Abdulgazi Gedik*, Abdullah Hilmi Lav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Although bitumen, the binder most commonly used in asphaltic concrete pavements, constitutes only 3 to 5% of the total mixture, it has a significant impact on the total cost of the pavement. Because of this cost factor, this paper investigates the optimal use of the very abundant sulfur as a replacement for the more expensive bitumen. In this study, bitumen-sulfur blends were prepared, using an increasing amount of sulfur as replacement, up to 50% by weight. A group of samples were then short-term and long-term aged by using the rolling thin film oven test and a pressure aging vessel. Aged and virgin samples were then further tested with Superpave binder test methods. The promising results demonstrate that the addition of sulfur not only lowers total costs, but also increases the performance of the binder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04016040
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Society of Civil Engineers.


  • Asphaltic concrete
  • Bitumen
  • Flexible pavement
  • Sulfur
  • Superpave
  • Sustainability


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