Design and molecular dynamics of multifunctional sulfonated poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)/mica hybrid cryogels through freezing-induced gelation

Nur Sena Okten, Beril Tanc, Nermin Orakdogen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This article addresses various strategies that have been explored to design sulfonated poly(dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)/mica hybrid-gels with optimized network parameters and mechanical/swelling properties. A series of hybrid cryogels and hydrogels containing amino and sulfonic acid groups were prepared from N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid in the presence of inorganic additive mica via a cryogelation process and conventional in situ copolymerization. Cryogelation was used to fine-tune the mechanical properties of the PDMAEMA-based hybrid gels. The effects of pH, temperature and mica content on the network parameters, mechanical properties and swelling behavior were discussed. X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy confirmed that mica particles had participated in (cryo)polymerization, and the thermal stability and surface morphologies were improved by the addition of mica. The profile of water loss, decomposition of amine groups and breakdown of PDMAEMA chains of the resulting hybrid gels were determined by thermogravimetric analysis. A critical mica concentration was found for the hybrid hydrogels where the degree of swelling attains a maximum value. Below 0.50% (w/v) of mica, the ionic nature of mica dominates its crosslinker effect. The hybrid cryogels were tough and able to recover at room temperature after compression testing. The prepared hybrid-gels showed an enhanced swelling response and on-off switching swelling characteristics in water and in aqueous NaCl solutions. The parameters of equilibrium swelling, the initial swelling rate, the diffusional exponent, and the diffusion coefficient were evaluated and the swelling kinetics of the hybrid hydrogels and cryogels in water followed the pseudo second order model. All the prepared hybrid hydrogel and cryogel materials with tunable mechanical stability and elasticity can be excellent candidates for designing smart materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7043-7062
Number of pages20
JournalSoft Matter
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Financial support of this work from the Istanbul Technical University Research Fund (42119) was gratefully acknowledged.

FundersFunder number
Istanbul Technical University Research Fund42119


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