Desalination performance evaluation of a solar still enhanced by thermoelectric modules

Emre Mandev, Burak Muratçobanoğlu*, Eyüphan Manay, Bayram Şahin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water scarcity is a pressing global issue, as a significant portion of the world's water resources remain salty and unsuitable for human consumption. Solar desalination has emerged as a sustainable solution to address this challenge, utilizing solar energy for water decontamination and purification. This study explores the enhancement of solar stills through the integration of thermoelectric (TE) modules, focusing on their impact on desalination performance. The optimal saltwater levels, TE module performance, and the efficiency of the system are identified in this investigation. The results of this study reveal that the integration of TE unit into solar still systems leads to a substantial increase in water production, achieving an impressive 35% improvement in productivity compared to conventional solar stills. The TE modules act as efficient cooling agents, accelerating the condensation process within the system. This improvement has substantial implications for addressing water scarcity in arid regions and providing an eco-friendly solution for freshwater production. By harnessing solar energy and advanced TE technology, the findings of this study underscore the potential of TE-enhanced solar desalination systems in providing sustainable and reliable sources of fresh water, even in areas with limited access to traditional water resources. The successful integration of TE modules into solar stills suggests a promising avenue for future research and development. Further exploration of these systems, optimization of TE module parameters, and increased utilization of renewable energy sources are all steps that can be taken to improve water production efficiency and contribute to water resource sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112325
JournalSolar Energy
Volume268
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 International Solar Energy Society

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Solar energy
  • Solar still
  • Thermoelectric
  • Water distillation

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