Defected Ag/Cu-MOF as a modifier of polyethersulfone membranes for enhancing permeability, antifouling properties and heavy metal and dye pollutant removal

Vahid Vatanpour*, Rabia Ardic, Berk Esenli, Bahriye Eryildiz-Yesir, Parisa Yaqubnezhad Pazoki, Atefeh Jarahiyan, Firouz Matloubi Moghaddam, Roberto Castro-Muñoz, Ismail Koyuncu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, a novel bimetallic metal organic framework (MOF) i.e. Ag/Cu-MOF was synthesized using a solvothermal method and later incorporated at different concentrations (0.1–2 wt%) using a phase inversion method for modification and antifouling property improvement of polyethersulfone (PES) membranes. The resulting Ag/Cu-MOF characteristics were investigated using different techniques, such as FTIR, XRD, FE-SEM and EDX. The membranes were characterized by FE-SEM, contact angle, porosity, mean pore size, surface roughness and zeta potential. Furthermore, membrane performance was examined using pure water flux, BSA, Pb(II), dye removal and fouling properties. In particular, the results showed that the addition of 1.0 wt% of the Ag/Cu-MOF decreased the water contact angle from 68.5° to 59.6° while enhancing overall porosity from 45.1 % to 56.0 %. The maximum water permeability was obtained with 1.0 wt% Ag/Cu-MOF (ca. 100 L/m2.h.bar) representing 1.9 times higher flux than that of the bare PES membrane due to the hydrophilic nature of the bimetallic MOF. As for the rejection performance, high Pb(II), BSA, reactive black 5 and reactive red 120 rejections values were observed as 92.6 %, 99.5 %, 96.4 % and 98.4 %, respectively. The Ag/Cu-MOF embedded membrane showed antibacterial behavior against Escherichia coli and antifouling properties, causing a considerable decrease in fouling resistance parameters and significant improvement in the antifouling properties of the PES membrane. The results of this study demonstrated that the Ag/Cu-MOF could be a promising material for boosting the polymeric membrane properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127336
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume345
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Ag/Cu-MOF
  • Antifouling
  • Fouling resistance
  • Metal organic frameworks
  • Polyethersulfone (PES)
  • Ultrafiltration

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