Deciphering hemipelagites from homogenites through anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility. Paleoseismic implications (Sea of Marmara and Gulf of Corinth)

Corina Campos, Christian Beck*, Christian Crouzet, François Demory, Aurélien Van Welden, Kadir Eris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In closed marine basins and large lakes, gravity re-depositional processes often result in specific turbidites with two abruptly separated layers: a coarse graded lower term and an upper homogenous fine-grained term. An additional mixed term generally occurs in between, indicating to and from particle displacements. The later ones are related to oscillating bottom currents responsible for a high increase of the fine fraction segregation, within the reworked wasted mass. The whole sedimentary event is the association "homogenite + turbidite" (HmTu), which specific a settling condition area here characterized through Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS). Homogenites's magnetic foliation appears anomalously high with respect to their expected state of compaction, and strikingly higher than hemipelagites's values. We applied this approach to Late Pleistocene/Holocene sediments from the Sea of Marmara and from the Gulf of Corinth. Grain-size and other magnetic parameters related to mineralogy are added to better assess the granular array influence on AMS. As HmTu is considered as often related to earthquake-triggering and tsunami/seiche effects, AMS appears as a useful tool for subaqueous paleoseismic investigations. First, it may evidence the signature of paleo-earthquakes; second, it permits to decipher hemipelagic intervals which are inferred to represent the time elapsed between two successive reworking events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Funding

The here-presented investigations were funded through different grants: i) University of Savoie 's AAP-2012-16 AGRASM Grant, dedicated to AMS sedimentological application, ii) Agence Nationale pour la Recherche ANR's SISCOR Project dedicated to the Gulf of Corinth seismic hazards, iii) CNRS-INSU funding through ISTerre Laboratory. Our investigations also benefit from CNRS-INSU ARTEMIS facility for 14C dating. Corina Campos's PhD thesis and stay in ISTerre Laboratory is funded through Venezuela's FUNDAYACUCHO Grant 20093262 . Authors are grateful to these different institutes and governments. They acknowledge two anonymous reviewers for improving their initial manuscript.

FundersFunder number
CNRS-INSU
ISTerre Laboratory20093262
University of SavoieAAP-2012-16
Agence Nationale pour le Développement de la Recherche en Santé

    Keywords

    • Corinth
    • Homogenite
    • Magnetic fabric
    • Marmara
    • Paleoseismicity
    • Turbidite

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