Cosmic acceleration in a dust only universe via energy-momentum powered gravity

Özgür Akarsu, Nihan Katlrcl, Suresh Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


We propose a modified theory of gravitation constructed by the addition of the term f(TμνTμν) to the Einstein-Hilbert action, and elaborate a particular case f(TμνTμν)=α(TμνTμν)η, where α and η are real constants, dubbed energy-momentum powered gravity (EMPG). We search for viable cosmologies arising from EMPG, especially in the context of the late-time accelerated expansion of the Universe. We investigate the ranges of the EMPG parameters (α,η) on theoretical as well as observational grounds leading to the late-time acceleration of the Universe with pressureless matter only, while keeping the successes of standard general relativity at early times. We find that η=0 corresponds to the ΛCDM model, whereas η≠0 leads to a wCDM-type model. However, the underlying physics of the EMPG model is entirely different in the sense that the energy in the EMPG Universe is sourced by pressureless matter only. Moreover, the energy of the pressureless matter is not conserved, namely, in general it does not dilute as ρâa-3 with the expansion of the Universe. Finally, we constrain the parameters of an EMPG-based cosmology with a recent compilation of 28 Hubble parameter measurements, and find that this model describes an evolution of the Universe similar to that in the ΛCDM model. We briefly discuss that EMPG can be unified with Starobinsky gravity to describe the complete history of the Universe including the inflationary era.

Original languageEnglish
Article number024011
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2018

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© 2018 American Physical Society.


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