Concepts and Applications of Eye Tracking Technology in Maritime Shipboard Operation with Pilot Case Study

Esma Uflaz*, Hadi Fadil Bantan, Hollie Black, Ozcan Arslan, Emre Akyuz, Osman Turan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Despite advanced technologies on modern ships, accidents are nevertheless influenced by human factors [1]. Several key characteristics have been recognised as significant contributors to events, specifically fatigue, inadequate communication, inadequate maintenance practises, insufficient training, improper situation assessment, high mental workload, limited situational awareness, and high stress levels [2,3,4]. In order to investigate the risk analysis pertaining to human factors in marine accidents, it is essential to examine and assess variables that pose challenges in quantification within accident reports. These variables include mental workload and situational awareness. Eye-tracking technology has been widely utilised across several disciplines for a range of objectives. In a broad sense, eye-tracking technologies offer a method to collect a diverse range of eye movements that serve as indicators of various cognitive, emotional, and physiological states in humans, all in real-time. This technology can facilitate a more comprehensive comprehension of the human brain across a range of settings. Eye-tracking technology, an objective measurement, is a recently developed methodology within the marine industry. The present study offers a valuable chance to enhance comprehension of eye-tracking applications within the marine sector by conducting a pilot experiment in a bridge simulator. The pilot research findings and the subsequent analysis of ideas and applications of the eye tracker make a valuable contribution to the ongoing development and exploration of eye movement studies as an objective indicator in maritime operations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the International Association of Maritime Universities Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event23rd International Association of Maritime Universities Annual General Assembly and Conference, AGA 2023 - Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 18 Oct 202321 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© AGA 2023. All rights reserved.


This study is supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK) - 2214-A – International Research Fellowship Programme for PhD Students [REF: 53325897-115.02-17439]. This study is partly produced Ph.D. thesis of the Corresponding author and also supported by the Maritime Human Factors Centre (MHFC), University of Strathclyde.

FundersFunder number
University of Strathclyde
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu53325897-115.02-17439


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