Computational and experimental assessment of turbulence stimulation on flow induced motion of a circular cylinder

Omer Kemal Kinaci*, Sami Lakka, Hai Sun, Ethan Fassezke, Michael M. Bernitsas

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Vortex-induced vibrations (VIVs) are highly nonlinear and it is hard to approach the problem analytically or computationally. Experimental investigation is therefore essential to address the problem and reveal some physical aspects of VIV. Although computational fluid dynamics (CFDs) offers powerful methods to generate solutions, it cannot replace experiments as yet. When used as a supplement to experiments, however, CFD can be an invaluable tool to explore some underlying issues associated with such complicated flows that could otherwise be impossible or very expensive to visualize or measure experimentally. In this paper, VIVs and galloping of a cylinder with selectively distributed surface roughness-termed passive turbulence control (PTC)-are investigated experimentally and computationally. The computational approach is first validated with benchmark experiments on smooth cylinders available in the literature. Then, experiments conducted in the Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory (MRELab) of the University of Michigan are replicated computationally to visualize the flow and understand the effects of thickness and width of roughness strips placed selectively on the cylinder. The major outcomes of this work are: (a) Thicker PTC initiates earlier galloping but wider PTC does not have a major impact on the response of the cylinder and (b) The amplitude response is restricted in VIV due to the dead fluid zone attached to the cylinder, which is not observed in galloping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041802
JournalJournal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 by ASME.


The financial support of TUBITAK for the first author is gratefully acknowledged. This paper was prepared under Cooperative Agreement No. DE-EE0006780 between Vortex Hydro Energy, Inc., and the U.S. Department of Energy. The Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory is a subcontractor through the University of Michigan.

FundersFunder number
Vortex Hydro Energy, Inc.
U.S. Department of Energy
University of Michigan


    • Galloping
    • Passive turbulence control
    • Vortex-induced vibrations


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