Combinations of single-top-quark production cross-section measurements and |f LV Vtb| determinations at √s = 7 and 8 TeV with the ATLAS and CMS experiments

The ATLAS collaboration, The ATLAS collaboration, The CMS collaboration, The CMS collaboration, The ATLAS collaboration, The ATLAS collaboration

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This paper presents the combinations of single-top-quark production cross-section measurements by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations, using data from LHC proton-proton collisions at s = 7 and 8 TeV corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1.17 to 5.1 fb−1 at s = 7 TeV and 12.2 to 20.3 fb−1 at s = 8 TeV. These combinations are performed per centre-of-mass energy and for each production mode: t-channel, tW, and s-channel. The combined t-channel cross-sections are 67.5 ± 5.7 pb and 87.7 ± 5.8 pb at s = 7 and 8 TeV respectively. The combined tW cross-sections are 16.3 ± 4.1 pb and 23.1 ± 3.6 pb at s = 7 and 8 TeV respectively. For the s-channel cross-section, the combination yields 4.9 ± 1.4 pb at s = 8 TeV. The square of the magnitude of the CKM matrix element Vtb multiplied by a form factor fLV is determined for each production mode and centre-of-mass energy, using the ratio of the measured cross-section to its theoretical prediction. It is assumed that the top-quark-related CKM matrix elements obey the relation |Vtd|, |Vts| ≪ |Vtb|. All the |fLVVtb|2 determinations, extracted from individual ratios at s = 7 and 8 TeV, are combined, resulting in |fLVVtb| = 1.02 ± 0.04 (meas.) ± 0.02 (theo.). All combined measurements are consistent with their corresponding Standard Model predictions.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number88
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).


MSHE and NSC (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Dubna); MON, RosAtom, RAS, RFBR, and NRC KI (Russia); MESTD (Serbia); SEIDI, CPAN, PCTI, and FEDER (Spain); MOSTR (Sri Lanka); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); MST (Taipei); ThEPCenter, IPST, STAR, and NSTDA (Thailand); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); NASU and SFFR (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (U.S.A.). We thank CERN for the very successful operation of the LHC, as well as the support staff from our institutions without whom ATLAS and CMS could not be operated efficiently. We acknowledge the support of ANPCyT, Argentina; YerPhI, Armenia; ARC, Australia; BMWFW and FWF, Austria; ANAS, Azerbaijan; SSTC, Belarus; CNPq and FAPESP, Brazil; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CERN; CONICYT, Chile; CAS, MOST and NSFC, China; COLCIENCIAS, Colombia; MSMT CR, MPO CR and VSC CR, Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC, Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS, CEA-DRF/IRFU, France; SRNSFG, Georgia; BMBF, HGF, and MPG, Germany; GSRT, Greece; RGC, Hong Kong SAR, China; ISF and Benoziyo Center, Israel; INFN, Italy; MEXT and JSPS, Japan; CNRST, Morocco; NWO, Netherlands; RCN, Norway; MNiSW and NCN, Poland; FCT, Portugal; MNE/IFA, Romania; MES of Russia and NRC KI, Russian Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; ARRS and MIZSˇ, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; MINECO, Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva, Switzerland; MOST, Taiwan; TAEK, Turkey; STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, United States of America. In addition, individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF, CANARIE, CRC and Compute Canada, Canada; COST, ERC, ERDF, Horizon 2020, and Marie Sklo dowska-Curie Actions, European Union; Investisse-ments d’ Avenir Labex and Idex, ANR, France; DFG and AvH Foundation, Germany; Her-akleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF, Greece; BSF-NSF and GIF, Israel; CERCA Programme Generalitat de Catalunya, Spain; The Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom. We acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: BMBWF and FWF (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, FAPERGS, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES and CSF (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); SENESCYT (Ecuador); MoER, ERC IUT, and ERDF (Estonia); Academy of Finland, MEC, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); NKFIA (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); MSIP and NRF (Republic of Korea); MES (Latvia); LAS (Lithuania); MOE and UM (Malaysia); BUAP, CINVESTAV, CONACYT, LNS, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); MOS (Montenegro); MBIE (New Zealand); PAEC (Pakistan); Open Access, Copyright CERN, for the benefit of the ATLAS-CMS Collaboration. Article funded by SCOAP3.

FundersFunder number
Not addedST/L006162/1, ST/N000307/1, ST/N000331/1, ST/N000242/1
Cantons of Bern and Geneva
Czech Republic
Excellence of Science30820817
Horizon 2020, and Marie Sklo dowska-Curie Actions
MES of Russia
Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia María de MaeztuMDM-2015-0509
Swiss Funding Agencies
Wallenberg Foundation
National Science Foundation
U.S. Department of Energy
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Welch FoundationC-1845
Hispanics in Philanthropy
Maryland Ornithological Society
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Departamento Administrativo de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (COLCIENCIAS)
Qatar National Research Fund
Secretaría de Educación Pública
Türkiye Atom Enerjisi Kurumu
Horizon 2020 Framework Programme
Weston Havens Foundation
Louisiana Academy of Sciences
Missouri University of Science and Technology
Arizona-Nevada Academy of Science
Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics
Cosmetic Surgery Foundation
Glycemic Index Foundation
Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Research Council Canada
Canada Foundation for Innovation
Science and Technology Facilities CouncilST/N000234/1
Leverhulme Trust
Royal Society
European Commission
European Research Council
European Cooperation in Science and Technology
Australian Research Council
Neurosurgical Research Foundation
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology, India
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India
Ministry of Education - Singapore
Singapore Eye Research Institute
Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India
Science Foundation Ireland
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Danmarks Grundforskningsfond
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
National Natural Science Foundation of China
Research Promotion Foundation
Ministerstvo Školství, Mládeže a Tělovýchovy
National Science Council
Fundacja na rzecz Nauki Polskiej
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
Russian Foundation for Basic Research
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior
Suomen Akatemia
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Austrian Science Fund
Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique - FNRS
Russian Academy of Sciences
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office
Generalitat de Catalunya
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica
Chulalongkorn University
Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica
Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie
Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Wirtschaft
General Secretariat for Research and Technology
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico
Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Magyar Tudományos Akadémia
Nella and Leon Benoziyo Center for Neurological Diseases, Weizmann Institute of Science
Israel Science Foundation
Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
A.G. Leventis Foundation
National Science and Technology Development AgencyThailand
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul
Narodowe Centrum Nauki2014/15/B/ST2/03998, 2012/07/E/ST2/01406, 2015/19/B/ST2/02861, 2014/14/M/ST2/00428, 2014/13/B/ST2/02543
Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación
Javna Agencija za Raziskovalno Dejavnost RS
Universiti Malaya
Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego
Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Ministry of Education and Science
Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
Centre National pour la Recherche Scientifique et Technique
Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives
Secretaría de Estado de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación
Horizon 2020675440
British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund
European Regional Development Fund
State Atomic Energy Corporation ROSATOM
Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission
State Fund for Fundamental Research of Ukraine
Ministry of Science,Technology and Research
Beijing Municipal Science and Technology CommissionZ181100004218003
Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung und Technologie
Council on grants of the President of the Russian Federation
Nemzeti Kutatási, Fejlesztési és Innovaciós Alap124845, 123842, 125105, 124850, 123959
National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute"
Institutul de Fizică Atomică


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