Color tunable up-conversion emission from Er3+:Y2O3 nanoparticles embedded in PMMA matrix

S. Tabanli*, G. Bilir, G. Eryurek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Yttria (Y2O3) nano-powders doped with various concentrations of Er3+ were synthesized using thermal decomposition method and annealed at 800 °C. Annealed powders were doped in PMMA with 2.0 weight% of MMA by free radical polymerization. The crystalline structures of the powders and those embedded in PMMA matrix were identified as the cubic (BCC) Y2O3 phase using X-ray diffraction technique. According to the Scherer equation, the average crystallite sizes were found to be 32 ±3 nm and 20 ±3 nm for the powders and those embedded in the PMMA matrix, respectively. The transmission electron micrographs of samples were also taken and found to be consistent with the results obtained using X-ray diffraction measurements. Upconversion emission spectra of the Y2O3:Er3+ powders were measured in the 400–850 nm wavelength range under the excitation of a diode laser operated at 975 nm and, compared with the results obtained for Y2O3:Er3+ in PMMA. Spectral profiles of the emissions remain unchanged for different Er3+ concentrations and excitation powers. The doping of the nanopowders into the PMMA matrix did also not change the spectral profile, but only enhanced the intensity of the upconversion emission. Measurements of the emission intensity dependence on the pumping power under atmospheric conditions were performed to provide a possible explanation for the mechanisms responsible for the upconversion luminescence. Relative intensities for all the luminescence transitions were found to vary with Er3+ concentration resulting in the possible control of both color tuning and the color quality parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-153
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.


This work was supported by Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Department (ITU BAP, project number 39283 ). The author, Sevcan Tabanli, is grateful to The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey for granting scholarship ( TUBITAK, 2211C ) for Ph.D. studies. TEM images were taken at MERLAB, Middle East Technical University (METU).

FundersFunder number
ITU BAP39283
Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Department
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştirma Kurumu


    • Color tunable emission
    • Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)
    • Polymer-matrix composites
    • Rare-Earth doped nano phosphors
    • Upconversion emission


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