Characterization of Cu-rich and Zn-poor Cu2ZnSnS4 single crystal grown by vertical Bridgman technique

Elif Peksu, Makbule Terlemezoglu, Mehmet Parlak, Hakan Karaagac*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


To date, although a number of studies have focused on understanding the fundamental properties of Cu-poor/Zn-rich Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) single crystals, little attention has been paid to investigate the physical properties of those with a Cu-rich / Zn-poor chemical composition. Therefore, in this study, the structural and electrical properties of Cu-rich/Zn-poor CZTS single crystal grown by the Bridgman technique have been studied in order to fill this gap in literature. XRD and Raman findings confirm the growth of CZTS single crystal having a kesterite phase without secondary phases. Hall and temperature dependent conductivity measurements reveal the presence of VCu and CuZn antisite point defects in CZTS during the growth stage with thermal activation energies of 15 meV and ∼100 meV, respectively. Hall mobility, resistivity and hole carrier concentration values at room temperature were found to be 1.2 cm2/V.s, 16.2 Ω.cm and 3.1 × 1017 cm−3, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126336
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier B.V.


This work was supported by Turkish Scientific and Research Council (TUBITAK) under Grant no 315M401.

FundersFunder number
Turkish Scientific and Research Council


    • Conductivity
    • CuZnSnS
    • Single crystal
    • Solar cell


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