Bioinformatics analysis of the potentially functional circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network in breast cancer

Cihat Erdogan, Ilknur Suer, Murat Kaya, Sukru Ozturk, Nizamettin Aydin, Zeyneb Kurt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among women with high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, new research is still needed for biomarker detection. GSE101124 and GSE182471 datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to evaluate differentially expressed circular RNAs (circRNAs). The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium (METABRIC) databases were used to identify the significantly dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) and genes considering the Prediction Analysis of Microarray classification (PAM50). The circRNA- miRNA-mRNA relationship was investigated using the Cancer-Specific CircRNA, miRDB, miRTarBase, and miRWalk databases. The circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was annotated using Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway database. The protein-protein interaction network was constructed by the STRING database and visualized by the Cytoscape tool. Then, raw miRNA data and genes were filtered using some selection criteria according to a specific expression level in PAM50 subgroups. A bottleneck method was utilized to obtain highly interacted hub genes using cytoHubba Cytoscape plugin. The Disease-Free Survival and Overall Survival analysis were performed for these hub genes, which are detected within the miRNA and circRNA axis in our study. We identified three circRNAs, three miRNAs, and eighteen candidate target genes that may play an important role in BC. In addition, it has been determined that these molecules can be useful in the classification of BC, especially in determining the basal-like breast cancer (BLBC) subtype. We conclude that hsa_- circ_0000515/miR-486-5p/SDC1 axis may be an important biomarker candidate in distinguishing patients in the BLBC subgroup of BC.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0301995
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume19
Issue number4 APRIL
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Erdogan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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