Analytical and numerical analysis of force and stiffness in a diamagnetic bearing

Ahmet Cansiz*, Ugur Cem Hasar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this letter, a bearing consisting of a disk-shaped NdFeB permanent magnet levitated by a ferrite magnet with a diamagnetic stabilizer made of two bismuth blocks has been statically analyzed. The analysis, including levitation force and stiffness characteristics of this diamagnetic bearing, has been incorporated with the diamagnetic mirror image method based on the finite element and dipole approximation methods. Force equations of the levitated magnet are derived from the potential of the system in terms of magnetic, diamagnetic and gravitational interactions. The dipole approximation and finite element method were compared with each other. It is observed that while the dipole approximation (an analytical method) is successful in predicting the force and stiffness of the bearing, the finite element method, on the other hand, only estimates the levitation force. It is shown that the dipole approach has advantages over the finite element method for various perspectives such as calculation time and precision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2763-2770
Number of pages8
JournalModern Physics Letters B
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sept 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Diamagnetic bearing
  • Diamagnetism
  • Levitation


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