An integrated fuzzy AHP/DEA approach for performance evaluation of territorial units in Turkey

Ahmet Çalik*, Nimet Yapici Pehlivan, Cengiz Kahraman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Due to the differences between regions and sub-regions in the countries, some problems come out especially in economic and social life. The issue of differences of regions has been widely implemented to evaluate the economic performance of Turkey in many disciplines. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of 26 sub-regions of NUTS-2 classification using integration Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The integrated FAHP/DEA method comprises two stages. In the first stage, linguistic terms are used to determine the decision makers’ opinion and are converted to quantitative forms by using FAHP methods. Subsequently, in the second stage, DEA method is applied to obtain relative efficiency of sub-regions in Turkey. The integrated FAHP/DEA method is illustrated with a real case study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1280-1302
Number of pages23
JournalTechnological and Economic Development of Economy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author(s). Published by VGTU Press.


This research is based on the MSc thesis of the corresponding author. We wish to express our gratitude to the anonymous reviewers and associate editor for their insightful and constructive comments. In carrying out this research, the first and the second authors have been supported by the Selçuk University Scientific Research Project Fund (BAP) with grant number 12101010.

FundersFunder number
Selçuk Üniversitesi12101010


    • Data envelopment analysis
    • Fuzzy analytic hierarchy process
    • NUTS-2 classification


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